Patented Technology

Indian Institute of Horticultural Research (ICAR-IIHR) is one of the premier researchinstitute of Indian Council of Agricultural Research.

The institute has a mandates to undertake basic and applied research for developing strategies to enhance productivity and utilization of tropical & sub-tropical horticulture crops viz., fruits, vegetables, ornamentals, medicinal & aromatic plants and mushrooms.

It serves as a repository of scientific information relevant to horticulture and acts as a centre for training for up gradation of scientific manpower in modern technologies for horticulture production and to collaborate with national and international agencies in achieving the above objectives.

Patented Technology

Technology License Agreement between ICAR-IIHR and Arihant Group of Industries.

Arihant Group of Industries has entered into an agreement with Indian Institute of Horticultural Research (ICAR-IIHR) for manufacturing patented products for path breaking results for the farmer.

Despite enhancing the crop yields, the so-called green revolution (GR) has proven unsuccessful in assuring long term agricultural sustainability.

The methods used for productivity enhancement during GR have not only proven to be problematic but have also resulted in deterioration of soil quality and several other issues related to ecosystems and health issues. The damage was mainly caused by the indiscriminate use of chemical fertilizers and insecticides. Various types of pesticides, are now known to be causing huge problems in the agro-ecosystems.

In such a situation, where chemicals have caused, or are causing irreversible impacts on agroecosystems, the use of biopesticides has emerged as a sustainable alternative leading to safe organic farming. At the global level, environmentally benign nature and target-specificity of biopesticides are gaining wide popularity.

However, in developing countries like India usage of biopesticides is still minuscule in comparison to conventional chemical pesticides. Although the Indian government has encouraged the use of biopesticides by placing them into many of the agricultural schemes, at the grassroots level, these products are facing many challenges.

The lower adaptability and declining interest of farmers towards sustainable agriculture products have become a matter of concern. However, technological challenges related to production, manufacture and application in agroecosystems have also raised a question on their long-term sustainability.

The main objective of this review is to highlight the developing trend in the field of biocontrol products in India. Apart from this, the review also focuses on the technological perspectives that are required for the long-term sustainability of biological control products in Indian agriculture and market.

An overview of the current structure of biocontrol laboratories and units working in India

Consumption of biopesticides in India during last 5 years (Source: data obtained from DPPQS, Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare, Government of India)

Different types of biopesticides with their percentage distribution. Products are registered under Central Insecticidal Board (CIB) Act 3 & 3 (B).

(Source: DPPQS, DAC, Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare, Government of India)